Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention for Gastritis

Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach.

Common causes include infection with Helicobacter pylori and NSAIDs. Less common causes include alcohol, smoking, cocaine, severe illness, autoimmune problems, radiation therapy, and Crohn disease among others.

The most common symptom is upper abdominal pain. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite, and heart burn. Others may have no symptoms.

Complications may include bleeding, stomach ulcers, and stomach tumors. When due to autoimmune problems, low red blood cells due to not enough vitamin B12 may occur, a condition known as pernicious anemia.

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Gastritis

1. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements: less than body requirements related to inadequate intake, anorexia

Nutritional deficiencies resolved.

Expected results:
Normal albumin value, no nausea and vomiting, weight within normal limits, normal bowel sounds.

Nursing Intervention :

Assess food intake, body weight measured regularly, give oral care on a regular basis, encourage clients to eat little but often, give food in warm, auscultation bowel sounds, assess food preferences, check the laboratory, for example: Hemoglobin, hematocrit, albumin.

2. Risk for Imbalanced Fluid Volume and Electrolytes : less than body requirements related to inadequate intake, vomiting

Disorders of fluid balance did not occur.

Expected results:
Moist mucous membranes, good skin turgor, electrolytes returned to normal, capillary filling pink, vital signs stable, the balance of input and output.

Nursing Intervention :

Assess signs and symptoms of dehydration, observation of vital signs, measuring intake and output, encourage clients to drink ± 1500-2500ml, observation of skin and mucous membranes, collaboration with doctor in the provision of intravenous fluids.

Share :

Facebook Twitter Google+
Back To Top