Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions for Anemia

Anemia or anaemia is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood.

When anemia comes on slowly the symptoms are often vague and may include: feeling tired, weakness, shortness of breath or a poor ability to exercise. Anemia that comes on quickly often has greater symptoms which may include: confusion, feeling like one is going to pass out, and increased thirst.

The most common symptom of anemia, regardless of type, is a feeling of fatigue and a lack of energy.

Other common symptoms of anemia may include:
  • Paleness of skin
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fever.

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions for Anemia


1. Activity intolerance related to muscle weakness

Nursing Interventions for Anemia :
  • Assess the level of client activity Rational: To know the client and the activities undertaken to determine the next intervention.
  • Put the tools needed client Rational: To assist clients in meeting their needs.
  • Assist patients in active and passive exercises Rational: To improve the circulation of tissue.
  • Assist patients in meeting the needs of daily activities Rational: With the help of nurses and families to meet client needs.
  • Provide quiet environment Rationale: Increasing the rest to reduce strain the heart and lungs.

2. Ineffective Tissue Perfusion

Goal: Adequate tissue perfusion

Nursing Interventions for Anemia:
  • Monitoring of vital signs, capillary refill, color of skin, mucous membranes.
  • Raising the head position in bed
  • Check and document the presence of pain.
  • Observation of a delay in verbal response, confusion, or restlessness
  • Observing and documenting the existence of the cold.
  • Maintain the ambient temperature to keep warm the body needs.
  • Provide oxygen as needed.

3. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements

Goal: Meet the needs of adequate nutrition

Nursing Interventions for Anemia:
  • Allow the child to eat foods that can be tolerated child, plan to improve the nutritional quality at the child’s appetite increases.
  • Provide food that is accompanied by a nutritional supplement to improve the quality of nutritional intake.
  • Allow the child to engage in food preparation and selection
  • Evaluate the child’s weight every day.

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Nursing Diagnosis - Nursing Interventions

NANDA NURSING

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