Common symptoms of meningitis are headache and stiff neck accompanied by fever, confusion or altered consciousness, vomiting, and sensitivity to light (photophobia) or loud noises (phonophobia). Children usually shows only nonspecific symptoms, such as irritability and drowsiness. Red rash may provide clues to the cause of meningitis; for instance, meningitis caused by meningococcal bacteria may be indicated by a red rash.
Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention for Meningitis
1. Acute pain
- infection process
- toxin in the circulation
- Place the ice bag on his head, cool clothing above the eyes, provide a comfortable head position a little bit high, range of motion exercises and active or passive masage neck muscles.
- Support to find a comfortable position (head rather high-).
- Give range of motion exercises active / passive.
- Use a warm moisturizer, neck or hip.
- neuromuscular damage.
- Assess the degree of immobilization of the patient.
- Assistive range of motion exercises.
- Give skin care, massage with moisturizer.
- Check the area experiencing tenderness, give air mattresses or water body alignment are functionally notice.
- Provide training programs and the use of mobilization.