The cause of Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is related to childhood anatomy and immune function.
Infants and children may have one or more of the following symptoms:
- pulling on the ears
- ear pain
- neck pain
- a feeling of fullness in the ear
- fluid drainage from the ear
- lack of balance
- hearing loss
Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Acute Otitis Media (AOM)
1. Disturbed Sensory Perception: auditory conductive disorder related to the sound of the organ.
Purpose: to improve communication
- Reduce noise in the client environment.
- Looking at the client when speaking.
- Speaking clearly and firmly on the client without the need to shout.
- Provide good lighting when the client relies on the lips.
- Using the signs of non-verbal (eg facial expressions, pointing, or body movement) and other communications.
- Instruct family or the people closest to the client on how techniques of effective communication so that they can interact with clients.
- If the client wants, the client can use hearing aids.
2. Acute Pain related to inflammation of the middle ear tissue.
Purpose: The reduction in pain.
- Assess the level of intensity of the client and client's coping mechanisms.
- Give analgesics as indicated.
- Distract the patient by using relaxation techniques: distraction, guided imagination, touching, etc..
Source : http://nursing-diagnosis-intervention.blogspot.co.id/2012/07/nursing-care-plan-for-acute-otitis-media.html