Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Acute Otitis Media (AOM)

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Acute Otitis Media (AOM)
Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is an infection of abrupt onset that usually presents with ear pain.

The cause of Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is related to childhood anatomy and immune function.

Infants and children may have one or more of the following symptoms:
  • crying
  • irritability
  • sleeplessness
  • pulling on the ears
  • ear pain
  • headache
  • neck pain
  • a feeling of fullness in the ear
  • fluid drainage from the ear
  • fever
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • irritability
  • lack of balance
  • hearing loss

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Acute Otitis Media (AOM)

1. Disturbed Sensory Perception: auditory conductive disorder related to the sound of the organ.

Purpose: to improve communication

  • Reduce noise in the client environment.
  • Looking at the client when speaking.
  • Speaking clearly and firmly on the client without the need to shout.
  • Provide good lighting when the client relies on the lips.
  • Using the signs of non-verbal (eg facial expressions, pointing, or body movement) and other communications.
  • Instruct family or the people closest to the client on how techniques of effective communication so that they can interact with clients.
  • If the client wants, the client can use hearing aids.

2. Acute Pain related to inflammation of the middle ear tissue.

Purpose: The reduction in pain.

  • Assess the level of intensity of the client and client's coping mechanisms.
  • Give analgesics as indicated.
  • Distract the patient by using relaxation techniques: distraction, guided imagination, touching, etc..

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