Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Interventions

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention for Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti.

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention for Dengue Fever

1. Deficient Fluid volume : less than body requirements related to increased capillary permeability, bleeding, vomiting and fever.

  • Body fluid volume adequat
Expected outcomes:
  • Body fluid volume returned to normal
Nursing Intervention for Dengue Fever
  • Assess the general state and condition of the patient
  • Observation of vital signs (temperature, pulse, respiratory rate)
  • Observation for signs of dehydration
  • Observation drip infusion and intravenous needle insertion site
  • Balance of fluid (the fluid input and out put)
  • Give the patient and family encourage patients to drink a lot
  • Instruct the patient's family to replace the patient's clothing is wet with sweat.

2. Hyperthermia

Related to
  • dengue virus infection process
Goal :
  • Hypertermia can be resolved
Expected outcomes
  • Body temperature returned to normal
Nursing Intervention for Dengue Fever
  • Observation of vital signs, especially temperature
  • Give a cold compress (plain water) on the forehead and armpits
  • Change clothes soaked with sweat
  • Encourage the family to put on clothing that can absorb sweat like cotton.
  • Encourage the family to provide drinking lots of approximately 1500 to 2000 cc per day.
  • Collaboration with doctors in the provision Therapy, febrifuge.

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Nursing Diagnosis - Nursing Interventions


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